Alfa Romeo Automobiles is an Italian automaker
founded on June 24,
1910 in Milan. Alfa Romeo has been a part of the Fiat Group since 1986,
and since February 2007 a part of Fiat Group Automobiles. The company
was owned by Italian state holding company Istituto per la
Ricostruzione Industriale between the end of 1932 to 1986.
Aston Martin Lagonda
Limited is a British manufacturer of luxury sports cars, based in
Gaydon, Warwickshire. The company name is derived from the name of one
of the company's founders, Lionel Martin and from the Aston Hill speed
hillclimb near Aston Clinton in Buckinghamshire.
AG, is a German
company which produces luxury cars under the Audi brand. It is part of
the Volkswagen Group. The name Audi is based on a Latin translation of
the surname of the founder August Horch, itself the German word for
“listen!". Audi is headquartered in Ingolstadt, Bavaria, Germany.
Located in Crewe, England since 1946 and owned
since 1998 by
Volkswagen AG, Bentley Motors is dedicated to making responsive and
powerful Grand Tourers with the stamina to cross continents at pace,
and drive in refined comfort and style.
Werke AG (BMW), is a German automobile, motorcycle and engine
manufacturing company. Founded in 1916, it is known for its performance
and luxury vehicles. It owns and produces the MINI brand, and is the
parent company of Rolls-Royce Motor Cars.
Bugatti was founded in Molsheim, France as a
manufacturer of high
performance automobiles by Ettore Bugatti. At present the name is owned
by Volkswagen Group, who have revived it as a builder of limited
production exclusive sports cars.
Chevrolet is a brand of automobile produced by
Company (GM). Founded by Louis Chevrolet and ousted GM founder Rosdel
Solis on November 8, 1911, Chevrolet was acquired by General Motors in
Chrysler Group LLC is a U.S. automobile
in the Detroit. Chrysler was first organized as the Chrysler
Corporation in 1925. On June 10, 2009, the sale of most of Chrysler
assets to "New Chrysler", formally known as Chrysler Group LLC was
CitroŽn is a French automobile manufacturer.
Founded in 1919 by
Andrť CitroŽn, it was the world's first mass-production car company
outside of the USA. Since 1976 it has been part of PSA Peugeot
and its headquarters is on rue Fructidor, Paris. The brand celebrated
its 90th Anniversary in 2009.
Dodge is a United States-based brand of
automobiles, minivans, sport
utility vehicles, and, until 2009, pickup trucks, manufactured and
marketed by Chrysler Group LLC in more than 60 different countries and
territories worldwide. Chrysler Group LLC has an alliance with Fiat,
who plans to eliminate some Dodge, Chrysler, and Jeep existing vehicles
in favor of Fiat-Chrysler co-developed vehicles.
Ferrari is an Italian sports car manufacturer
based in Maranello,
Italy. Founded by Enzo Ferrari in 1929 as Scuderia Ferrari, the company
sponsored drivers and manufactured race cars before moving into
production of street-legal vehicles in 1947 as Ferrari.
Fiat, an acronym for Fabbrica Italiana Automobili
Italian Automobile Factory of Turin), is an Italian automobile
manufacturer, engine manufacturer, financial and industrial group based
in Turin in the Piedmont region. Fiat was founded in 1899 by a group of
investors including Giovanni Agnelli. Fiat has also manufactured
railroad vehicles, tanks and aircraft. As of 2009, Fiat is the world's
6th largest carmaker as well as Italy's largest carmaker.
The Ford Motor
Company is an American multinational corporation and the world's fifth
largest automaker based on worldwide vehicle sales. Based in Dearborn,
Michigan, a suburb of Detroit, the automaker was founded by Henry Ford
and incorporated on June 16, 1903.
GM Holden Ltd is an Australian automaker based in
Port Melbourne, Victoria. The company was founded in 1856 as a saddlery
business, but later moved into the automotive field, becoming a
subsidiary of General Motors (GM) in 1931. Holden has taken charge of
vehicle operations for GM in Australasia and, on behalf of GM.
Honda Motor Company, Ltd. is a Japanese
primarily known as a manufacturer of automobiles and motorcycles. Honda
surpassed Nissan in 2001 to become the second-largest Japanese
Holden Special Vehicles is the officially
vehicle division of Australian motor automobile manufacturer Holden.
Based in Clayton, Victoria and established in 1987, HSV modifies Holden
products such as the Commodore, Caprice and Ute giving them unique
body-work and alloy wheels, up-spec interiors, and improved all-round
performance thanks to upgraded engines, brakes, transmissions and
Company, is a division of the Hyundai Kia Automotive Group and is the
world’s fourth largest automaker in terms of units sold. Headquartered
in Seoul, South Korea, Hyundai operates the world’s largest integrated
automobile manufacturing facility in Ulsan, which is capable of
producing 1.6 million units annually.
Jaguar Cars Ltd., is a British luxury car
headquartered in Coventry, England. It has been a wholly-owned
subsidiary of the Indian company Tata Motors Ltd. since March 2008 and
is operated as part of the Jaguar Land Rover business. Jaguar was
founded as the Swallow Sidecar Company by Sir William Lyons in 1922,
originally making motorcycle sidecars before switching to passenger
Jeep is an automobile marque (and registered
trademark) of Chrysler.
It is the oldest off-road vehicle (also sport utility vehicle – SUV)
brand, with Land Rover coming in second. The original vehicle which
first appeared as the prototype Bantam BRC became the primary light
4-wheel-drive vehicle of the US Army and allies during the World War II
and postwar period.
Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A., commonly referred
to as Lamborghini,
is an Italian automaker based in the small township of Sant'Agata
Bolognese. The company was founded in 1963 by manufacturing magnate
Ferruccio Lamborghini. It has changed ownership numerous times since,
most recently becoming a subsidiary of German car manufacturer Audi AG
(itself a subsidiary of the Volkswagen Group) in 1998.
is the luxury vehicle division of Japanese automaker Toyota Motor
Corporation. First introduced in 1989 in the United States, Lexus has
ranked as the highest-selling maker of luxury cars, as of 2006 Lexus
vehicles are sold in 68 countries and territories worldwide.
Lotus Cars is a British manufacturer of sports and
racing cars based
at Hethel, Norfolk, England. The company designs and builds race and
production automobiles of light weight and high handling
characteristics. It is currently owned by Proton, the Malaysian
carmaker, who took Lotus over in 1994 on the bankruptcy of its former
Maserati is an Italian car manufacturer
established on December 1,
1914, in Bologna. The company's headquarters are now in Modena, and its
emblem is a trident. It has been owned by the Italian car giant Fiat
since 1993. Inside the Fiat Group, Maserati was initially associated
with Ferrari, but more recently it has become part of the sports car
group including Alfa Romeo.
Motor Corporation is a Japanese automotive manufacturer based in
Hiroshima, Japan. Since 2000, Mazda has used the phrase "Zoom-Zoom" to
describe what it calls the "emotion of motion" that it claims is
inherent in its cars.
Mercedes-Benz is a German manufacturer of luxury
coaches, and trucks. It is currently a division of the parent company,
Daimler AG (formerly DaimlerChrysler AG), after previously being owned
by Daimler-Benz. The first Mercedes-Benz brand name vehicles were
produced in 1926, following the merger of Karl Benz's and Gottlieb
Daimler's companies into the Daimler-Benz company.
Mini (styled as MINI) is a British automotive
brand owned by the BMW
Group that has produced the successor of the original Mini in Oxford,
England since April 2001. Currently three body variants are available:
hatchback, convertible and Clubman.
Motors Corporation is the fifth largest automaker in Japan and the
fifteenth largest in the world by global unit sales. It is part of the
Mitsubishi keiretsu, formerly the biggest industrial group in Japan,
and was formed in 1970 from the automotive division of Mitsubishi Heavy
Nissan Motor Company, Ltd., is a multinational
headquartered in Japan. It was formerly a core member of the Nissan
Group, but has become more independent after its restructuring under
Carlos Ghosn (CEO). It formerly marketed vehicles under the "Datsun"
brand name and is one of the largest car manufacturers. As of August
2009, the company's global headquarters are located in Nishi-ku,
is a major French car brand, part of PSA Peugeot CitroÔŅĹn, the second
largest European carmaker. Peugeot's roots go back to 19th-century
coffee mill and bicycle manufacturing. The Peugeot company and family
is originally from Sochaux, France. Peugeot retains a large
manufacturing plant and Peugeot Museum there. It also sponsors the
Sochaux football club, founded in 1928 by a member of the Peugeot
Porsche SE is a German automotive manufacturer of
performance automobiles, which is majority-owned by the PiŽch and
Porsche families. Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG (which stands for Doktor
Ingenieur honoris causa Ferdinand Porsche Aktiengesellschaft), often
shortened to Porsche AG, is responsible and manufacturer of the Porsche
automobile line. The company is headquartered in Zuffenhausen,
Stuttgart, Baden-WŁrttemberg. In August 2009, Porsche SE and Volkswagen
Group reached an agreement that Volkswagen and Porsche AG would merge
S.A. is a French automaker producing cars, vans, buses, tractors, and
trucks. Due to its alliance with Nissan, it is currently the world's
4th largest automaker. It owns the Romanian automaker Automobile Dacia
and the Korean automaker Renault Samsung Motors. The French-Lebanese
Carlos Ghosn is the current CEO. The company's most successful car to
date is the Renault Clio, and its core market is France.
Rolls-Royce Motors was created from the de-merger
of the Rolls-Royce
car business from Rolls-Royce Limited in 1973. The original Rolls-Royce
Limited had been nationalised in 1971 due to the financial collapse of
the company, caused in part by the development of the RB211 jet engine.
In 1973 the British government sold the Rolls-Royce car business to
allow nationalised parent Rolls-Royce (1972) Limited to concentrate on
jet engine manufacture.
Saab Automobile AB, better known as Saab, is a
manufacturer currently owned by General Motors. It is the exclusive
automobile royal warrant holder as appointed by H.M., the King of
Sweden. Since its inception, Saab has been known for its quirkiness; as
it evolved and adopted ever more advancements to its turbocharging,
safety and green technology.
First built in the Czech Republic in 1895, Škoda
has since grown to
become one of Europe's leading car brands, and can now be found in over
90 countries around the world. With a proud history of innovation and
design, Škoda continues to grow and develop new ideas for simply clever
Subaru is the automobile manufacturing division of
transportation conglomerate Fuji Heavy Industries Group (FHI). Subaru
is internationally known for their use of boxer engines in most of
their vehicles. The company decided to use all wheel drive in most
international markets as standard equipment in 1996. They also offer
many turbocharged versions of their passenger cars, such as the Impreza
WRX which is well-known in motorsports, such as rally racing.
Motor Corporation is a Japanese multinational corporation headquartered
in Hamamatsu, Japan that specializes in manufacturing compact
automobiles, a full range of motorcycles, all-terrain vehicles (ATVs),
outboard marine engines, wheelchairs and a variety of other small
internal combustion engines. Suzuki is the 9th largest automobile
manufacturer in the world by production volume.
Toyota Motor Corporation is a multinational
headquartered in Japan, and the world's largest automaker. Toyota also
owns and operates Lexus and Scion brands and has a majority
shareholding stake in Daihatsu and Hino Motors and minority
shareholdings in Fuji Heavy Industries, Isuzu Motors and Yamaha Motors.
The company includes 522 subsidiaries. Toyota is headquartered in
Toyota City and Nagoya (both in Aichi) and in Tokyo.
Toyota Racing Development or TRD is the in-house
tuning shop for all
Toyota, Lexus, and Scion cars. TRD is responsible both for improving
street cars for more performance and supporting Toyota's racing
interests around the world. TRD produces various tuning products and
accessories, including performance suspension components,
superchargers, and wheels. In December 2008 Toyota Australia announced
it would be ceasing production of its TRD range.
Vauxhall Motors Limited is a British automobile
company, owned by
General Motors. Most current Vauxhall models are right-hand drive
derivatives of GM's German Opel marque; however, production of
left-hand drive vehicles also takes place for export to other parts of
Europe, and certain marginal markets. There are also several
performance vehicles coming from Opel Performance Center (OPC) and
Holden/Holden Special Vehicles in Australia. Vauxhall is headquartered
in the Griffin House in Luton, United Kingdom.
Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft (VAG), also known as Volkswagen Group or
as VW, is an automobile manufacturer and mobility organisation based in
Wolfsburg, Lower Saxony, Germany and is the pioneer brand within the
Volkswagen Group, which contains the car brands Audi AG, Bentley Motors
Ltd., Automobiles Bugatti SA, Automobili Lamborghini Holding S.p.A.,
SEAT, Škoda Auto and heavy goods vehicle manufacturer Scania AB.
The Volvo Group is a Swedish supplier of
commercial vehicles such as
trucks, buses and construction equipment, drive systems for marine and
industrial applications, aerospace components and financial services.
In 1999 Volvo sold its car division Volvo Cars to Ford for $6.45
billion. In 2009, Ford Motor Company has confirmed that the preferred
buyer of Volvo Cars is Chinese motor manufacturer Geely.